AskDefine | Define gingham

Dictionary Definition

gingham n : a clothing fabric in a plaid weave

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

Malay genggang

Noun

  1. A cotton fabric made from dyed and white yarn woven in checks

Extensive Definition

Gingham is a fabric made from dyed cotton yarn.
The name is Indonesian in origin, assimilated into Dutch. When originally imported (in the 17th century), it was a striped fabric, but from the mid 18th century, when it was being produced in the mills of Manchester, England, it had become woven into checked or plaid patterns (often blue and white).
Gingham is made of carded or combed, medium or fine yarns, where the coloring is on the warp yarns and always along the grain. Gingham has no right or wrong side regarding color.
Along with muslin, gingham is often used as a test fabric while designing fashion, or used for making an inexpensive fitting shell prior to making the clothing in fashion fabric.

References

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